UTRS Titanium

Military Applications

Due to its strength-to-weight ratio, titanium is being used in military and aerospace applications to reduce weight and increase durability in extreme conditions. Titanium also exhibits exceptional elevated temperature performance and offers overall superior corrosion resistance.

Titanium alloys are used in aircraft, armor plating, naval ships, spacecraft, and missiles. For these applications, titanium alloyed with aluminum, vanadium, and other elements is used for a variety of components, including critical structural parts, firewalls, landing gear, exhaust ducts (helicopters), and hydraulic systems.

Titanium's ability to be fabricated and machined enables critical parts for increased armor protection against ballistic threats to be manufactured, while its high mass efficiency and relative low cost provide lighter weight structural integrity for aerospace and NASA space program applications.

Titanium alloys generally exhibit superior heat transfer performance as well, and the fatigue and fracture toughness necessary for military applications-from naval seawater piping to battlefield tanks and armor protection to weaponry, missiles and aircraft structural components. Standards for tank armor, for example, have recently included the application of titanium-tungsten alloys for battlefield protection.

Taking advantage of titanium's superior strength-to-weight ratio, composites of titanium and fiberglass are used in the manufacture of rotor blades for the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter. Increased use of composites has led to a similar increase of titanium in military applications due to its better galvanic and thermal expansion and conductivity compatibility characteristics with carbon composites, for example.

Preference and usage of titanium and its alloys in military and aerospace applications stems from its high strength and exemplary reliability attributes when compared to alternate structural metals including alloys of steel and aluminum. Titanium is as strong as steel but half its weight; it is also twice as strong as aluminum yet nearly equal in weight.